The beginning was established in 1863 by the eminent Renaissance poet, publicist and public figure Petko R. Slaveykov, who published the first humorous newspaper in Bulgaria - “Gaida”, recalled BTA from NBKM. Until the Liberation are only a few more significant editions with humorous-satirical orientation such as “Tapan”, “Alarm clock”, “Shutosh”. All of them can be viewed on the website of NBKM.
With “Gaida”, until the last years of his life, Slaveykov remained connected to the seal. Although each of his edited editions (“Macedonia”, “Ruzitsa”, “Pjelica”, “Shutos”, etc.) has its own specificity, they are all united by the publicist talent of its creator.
With its various materials (articles, letters, messages, notes, anecdotes, poems, epigrams, etc.) Gaida actively participates in the fight against Greek clergy and Bulgarian conservatism, the NBCM said. The publication promotes the ideas of universal modern education, while at the same time showing the actual state of the school work, supports and encourages the social activity of the people.
“ Tupan” is the first printed body of the forming revolutionary party among the Bulgarian emigration to Romania. The main object of his satire are the representatives of the “old” and their organization - the Virtuous Society.
The newspaper is among the most richly illustrated periodicals during the Renaissance. Cartoons reinforce the effect of texts and emphasize their revolutionary direction. In the first year alone, the cartoons are 56, and are the Polish immigrant artist Henrik Dembicki. He builds a whole gallery of images of contemporaries and shows a good knowledge of Bulgarian revolutionary life.
Later, the Polish artist also illustrated Botevia satirical newspaper “Alarm Dilnik”. The first issue was published on May 1, 1873 in Bucharest. There Botev reveals his brilliant satirical talent with the feileton “O, Tempora! Oh mores!” published instead of a program article. Under his sharp feather fall the chorbadzers, enlightenment, talentlessness.
Among the humorous newspapers during the Renaissance are also “Crafty Peter” (1870-1874), “Binged Glumcho” (1873), “Perch” and “Turner of the in. Perch” (1874). However, they come out irregularly or only in a few pieces. With the exception of “Crafty Peter”, they are again associated with the name of Petko R. Slaveikov. With these newspapers, he goes back to the Bagpipe experience.
Show revival humorous newspapers online
The National Library “St. Cyril and Methodius” (NBKM) shows humorous newspapers in a virtual exhibition. Humor and satire find a place as expressive means in the native press two decades after the appearance of the first Bulgarian periodicals - “Lyuslovie” magazine (1844) and “Bulgarian Eagle” newspaper (1846).tags: